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Pilgrimage Tourism in Nepal

Contents: Preface. 1. Abode of the Gods. 2. Religion in Nepal. 3. Nepal : the land of the temples and shrines. 4. Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage sites in Nepal. 5. Pashupatinath : the guardian deity of Nepal. 6. Far- famed stupas of Kathmandu Valley. 7. Popular shrines of Vinayak in Kathmandu Valley. 8. Machendra Nath-the God of harvest and of rain. 9. Famous temples of Bhairava in Nepal. 10. Sacred Temples of Narayan in Kathmandu Valley. 11. A conspicuous religious pilgrimage sites in the Hilly regions of Nepal. 12. Nepal : the land of mother Goddesses. 13. Nepal : land of the living Goddess. 14. Temples of Goddess Kali or Shakti in Nepal. 15. Reputed temples of Yogini in Kathmandu Valley. 16. Lumbini : a great pilgrimage site. 17. Prominent religious pilgrimage places in the Terai regions of Nepal. 18. Popular Hindu pilgrimage sites in the Himalaya.19. Other sacred sites of pilgrimage. 20. Monasteries in the Himalayan regions of Nepal. 21. Mount Kailas and Lake Manasarovar. 22. Stone Idols in Nepal. 23. Popular symbolic signs in Hindu and Buddhist shrines. 24. Temple struts tip-the art of love in Nepal. 25. Tourism and cultural cum religious heritage of Nepal. Bibliography. "This book is an attempt to analyse and focus upon the salient features of Nepal's pilgrimage tourism and its religious places scattered all over the country in terms easily understandable to the interested devotees. This may be of interest to those wishing to fathom the subject at length. "Nepal is known as the " abode of God" simply because of temples and shrines of Gods and Goddesses 230 pp.

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Non Traditional Security : State Society and Democracy in South Asia

Contents Preface. 1. Introduction democracy and freedom as key elements to non traditional security/Lok Raj Baral. 2. What is the New security agenda for South Asia/Sridhar K. Khatri. 3. Human security in South Asia/S.D. Muni. 4. Human security poverty alleviation Education and Health Services (A Nepali Perspective)/Indrajit Rai. 5. Globalisation Glocalisation and South Asian insecurity/B. Ramesh Babu. 6. Security in democracy and pluralism the case of Nepal/Lok Raj Baral. 7. Trenches of violence militancy militarism and militarization of social sphere in Nepal/Dhruba Kumar. 8. Militarization and territorial security in Pakistan/Hasan Askari Rizvi. 9. The break with tradition in Sri Lanka's peace process/Jehan Perera. 10. Cross border human traffic in South Asia a security perspective from India's North east/Wasbir Hussain. Index. The traditional security concept implies military aspects and is narrow in scope. The safeguard of the national frontier protection of the state sovereignty or rulers who identify with the state and involvement of military in certain humanitarian activities during natural and man made disasters are some key elements of traditional security. Accepting force as a part of security the non traditional security stressed in this book in contrast is based on a people centric approach both in theory and practice. The recent Pro Democracy Movement in Nepal has established the fact that the military alone cannot protect the rulers if the people fail to identify their interest with that of the state run by anti people rulers. The comprehensive security idea has emerged strongly as even democracy without human empowerment and social justice cannot create a congenial atmosphere for security of the state and people. The present volume which tries to find elements of security in democracy and people's equitable share in power has made a contribution to the security literature. Articles included in the book have tried to develop a new security paradigm by emphasizing the overall development and empowerment of people. The traditional state structures need to be restructured. 210 pp.

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Nepal : Facets of Insurgency

Contents Preface. List of contributors. 1. Maoist insurgency an ideological diagnosis/Abi Narayan Chamlagai. 2. The ethnic dimension of the Maoist conflict dreams and designs of liberation of oppressed nationalities/Chaitanya Subba. 3. Women in conflict the gender perspective in Maoist insurgency/Indra Adhikari. 4. The military dimension of Maoist insurgency/Dhruba Kumar. 5. Monarchy and insurgency/Krishna Hachhethu. 6. Insurgency and state external dimension/Jiwan Subedi. 7. The Maoist agenda of restructuring the state an appraisal/Krishna P. Khanal. 8. Maoist insurgency a prognostic analysis/Lok Raj Baral. Index. Nepal Facets of Maoist insurgency makes an effort to do a comprehensive study on the ten year long Maoist insurgency. The papers included in the book are of diverse nature and scope with ideological background origin growth dynamics ethnicity and perspectives. The Maoist agenda of restructuring the state monarchy and the Maoists insurgency and emergency external dimension and both diagnostic and prognostic aspects have been highlighted. The novelty of the book lies in its encapsulation of all developments that are likely to shape the future of the country. The polarization into monarchism and democracy in which the Maoist and parties are now together under universally accepted liberal democracy has added a new dimension to the prospective roadmap of Nepali politics. The triumph of democracy has been vindicated in a country where democracy is being reinvented in order to make it inclusive and vibrant. 216 pp.

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Administrative System in Bhutan : Retrospect and Prospect

Contents: Preface. 1. Bhutan-an overview. 2. Historico-administrative background: before 1624. 3. Shabdrung and its system: 1651-1907. 4. Administrative system in Bhutan: an analysis in retrospect 1907-1952. 5. Third king and administrative system: 1952-1972. 6. Public affairs management and fourth king: 1972-a.7. Administrative constraints and challenges. 8. Summary and conclusion. Appendices. Select bibliography. Index. "The book Administrative System in Bhutan : Retrospect and Prospect analysis the different dimensions of Bhutanese administration in the backdrop of internal and external forces, which tend to shape, reshape and remold the traditional system. It has portrays the transition of Bhutanese system from the period of Shabdrung Thuchen Nawang Namgyal to the present context. It has vividly uncover and unfold the highly decentralize administrative system of Shabdrung, the centralized system under first two Kings, modernization of the system by the third King and subsequent reintroduction of absolute anachronism and theocratic fascism by the present King. "It is divided into eight chapters besides the preface, acknowledgement, bibliography, appendices and index. Treatment of the book is simple, compact, coherent and critical. It has lucidly examined the administrative problems and challenges as well as provided the alternative models, which can be adopted by Bhutan to put the country on the wheel of modernization and preempt the cohesive Bhutanese society from further disintegration. This book may become the groundwork for the 285 pp.

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Nepal : Quest for Participatory Democracy

Contents Preface. 1. Participatory democracy concept and context/Lok Raj Baral. 2. Democracy participation dissent and opposition some theoretical probing/Hari Sharma. 3. Political parties and participation a study in Second Multiparty Parliamentary Experiment (1990 2002)/Ram Kumar Dahal. 4. Social change and political participation/Tulsi Ram Pandey. 5. Civil society and political participation/Krishna Hachhethu. 6. Local governance and popular participation/Prem Raj Goutam. 7. Emergency militarization and the question of democratic recovery/Dhruba Kumar. 8. Participatory democracy its economic dimensions/Gunanidhi Sharma. 9. Area development experience in Nepal/Harka Gurung. 10. Re structuring the Nepali state/Krishna P. Khanal. Index. Participatory democracy is interpreted not merely as a representative process but also as an inclusive and substantive system of governance. Its mission is to enhance the overall interest and capacity of people living within a country. Accepting that electoral mechanism alone does not constitute democratic process democracy is expected to empower ordinary people. The present book has tried to conceptualise participatory democracy by putting the people at the centre of politics. And only the empowered people can share power though the democratic process and with the freedoms guaranteed by the democratic order. The papers included in this volume are of diverse nature contributed by the authors of various disciplines. Many articles also reveal the necessity of redefining democracy in order to contextualize it in accordance with the existence realities of the country. 270 pp.

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Communities Forests and Governance : Polilcy and Institutional Innovations from Nepal

Contents Abbreviations. About the contributors. Preface. 1. Community based forest management programmes in Nepal an overview of contexts policies practices and issues. 2. Community forestry conserving forests sustaining livelihoods and strengthening democracy. 3. Poor focused common forest management lessons from leasehold forestry in Nepal. 4. Collaborative forest management in Nepal's Terai policy practice and contestation. 5. Protected area buffer zones new frontiers fro participatory conservation. 6. Learning from community participation in conservation area management. 7. Watershed management and livelihoods lessons from Nepal. 8. Community based forest management programmes in Nepal lessons and policy implications. Index. Over the past few decades Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) has evolved as a key strategy of conservation as well as promoting local livelihoods especially in the developing countries. Nepal has been designing various policies and programmes to support somewhat different but complementary strategies of CBFM over the past three decades. This book draws from these experiences top document lessons from different CBFM initiatives that have taken place over the past few decades in Nepal. The book analyzes not only the dynamics of community level interactions but also how policy and programme processes shape determine and influence the practices and outcomes of community based natural resource management activities. Together the eight chapters of the book demonstrate the pitfalls and potentials of community based and collaborative management programmes. In particular the analysis highlights the slow progress achieved when programmes are implemented without a basic consensus on the broad framework for decision making making them highly contested in practice. The Nepal experience shows the importance of deliberation on policy and programme agendas with affected people including local communities. While community based approaches are often assumed to be more equitable the case studies in this volume show the limits of devolution (moving power from state to community) and the importance of strengthening the capacity of community organizations to become effective and equitable managers of forests. At the same time the cases show the degree of autonomy that is needed to provide the conditions for effective local level collective action and resilient local institutions. Perhaps what is most important is that these stories show how over time community based forestry programmes move beyond a narrow conception of a government programme to an independent social arena where civil society groups state agencies and international actors contest each other for diverse resources power and positions. Nepal's experiences shows that potential of civil society action at multiple scales to make forest governance transparent accountable and democratic. The degree to which community based programmes address issues at upper layers of governance such as district or other sub national arenas is rarely considered by programme planners yet the empirical examples illustrate the importance of integration of these levels. This kind of integration and accountability is crucial in order to combat the ways in which subtle agendas of centralization are promoted in the name of participation devolution and decentralization. Finally the book demonstrates the importance of learning negotiation and experimentation to achieve successful sustainable and democratic forest governance in Nepal. 248 pp.

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Linking Plant Based Enterprises and Local Communities to Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal

Contents Preface and acknowledgments. 1. Identification and rationale of research agenda. 2. Methodology study framework and study area. 3. Biological diversity in Nepal a review of diversity distribution policy and regulatory environment and conservation approaches. 4. Economic use and enterprise potentials of biodiversity particularly NTFP in Nepal. 5. Proximate threats to biodiversity and underlying causes. 6. Communities key stakeholders and stewardship in relation to biodiversity use and management. 7. Impacts of enterprise oriented community forestry on local livelihood and conservation. 8. Discussion and conclusions. References. Annexes. Summary. Index. Nepal Himalaya harbors one of the globally significant biodiversity hotspots where poverty is acute and dependency of local communities on biodiversity high with little alternatives for livelihoods. In such a situation is it possible to generate enough economic incentives to local communities for biodiversity conservation. The author digs into the concern and seeks solution through developing synergy among local communities biodiversity and enterprises. The author identifies more practical ways of biodiversity conservation in the areas where local people are dependent on the use of biodiversity for day to day subsistence. In this book he examines three key elements of the system biodiversity local communities and enterprises and their interrelationships in view of local livelihoods and sustainable management of ecosystem. The author discovers that enterprise oriented community forest management can generate positive outcomes on both conservation and local livelihoods. Within the framework of participatory action research the experimentation with 37 community forest user groups in 6 districts of Nepal Himalaya (Humla Jumla Dolpa Darchula Bajhang in the west and Dolakha in the east) was made. The research makes extensive exploration on biological diversity in Nepal distribution policy regulatory environment conservation approaches economic use enterprise potentials of biodiversity threats to biodiversity key stakeholders in biodiversity use and management and impacts of enterprise oriented community forestry on local livelihood equity and conservation. 244 pp.

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ART AND ARCHITECTURE. Remains in the Western Terai Region of Nepal.

505pp. Index.80 b/w photographs. Study of ancient Buddhist sites. Near-fine in like dw.

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Armed Conflict and Peace Process in Nepal : The Maoist Insurgency Past Negotiations

Contents Preface. Acknowledgements. Abbreviations. 1. Armed conflict in Nepal an overview. 2. Concept of conflict transformation and peace building. 3. Local approaches of conflict management. 4. Failed negotiations and peace talks revisited. 5. Civil society political parties and media in peace process. 6. Third party negotiation of the ongoing armed conflict. 7. Human rights approach in dealing with armed conflict. 8. Impacts of the armed conflict. 9. Requirements for successful negotiation of the armed conflict. 10. Nepal at the crossroads. Conclusions. Epilogue. References. Index. The Maoist armed conflict which started in February 1996 has challenged the centuries old feudal socio cultural and political system and the nation is at a crossroads of fundamental transformation. In the past 10 years of the armed conflict the state has taken different approaches such as integrated security and development Killo Sera II Cordon search and destroy creation of a special armed police force mobilisation of military imposition of state of emergency fixing bounty on heads of Maoist leaders formation of unified command creation of village defence committees to foil insurgency. However these strategies have fuelled the armed conflict. Some efforts have also been made to reach negotiated settlement of the conflict such as ceasefire and peace talks creation of peace secretariat etc. Nevertheless they were not able to produce desired results. While examining the present Nepalese crisis the important questions are How and why did the Maoist insurgency emerge. Why did the past two negotiations fail. What are the initiatives taken so far by political parties civil society and media in resolving this crisis and what are the opportunities for conflict transformation. Attempts have been made in this book to answer these questions. The political landscape has further changed from the unrealistic ambitions of the king to autocratically rule the country ignoring all democratic norms and values keeping main political parties away creating fear from the use of state security apparatus controlling media ignoring human rights and imposing restrictions. The royal takeover has divided the political power into progressive forces and feudalistic forces and the nation is in a severe confrontation between progressive forces who want to change Nepal as an inclusive modern democratic nation and regressive forces who want to obstruct state restructuring process and progressive change. This book sheds light on these issues. Finally this book outlines possible future scenarios in Nepalese politics vis a vis armed conflict. 424 pp.

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Nepal Through the Ages : Approach to Ancient History Art Architecture Culture and Society

Jahr
2008

Contents Preface. Foreword. 1. People of Nepal. 2. Palaeo environment and pre history of Nepal. 3. Some historical lores of ancient Nepal. 4. Ancient Nepal. 5. Historical perspectives of Nepal India border relations. 6. Lumbini the birth place of Lord Buddha. 7. Why Tilaurakot is Kapilvastu. 8. An introduction to the history and art traditions of Mithila. 9. Cultural heritage of Nepal. 10. Religion and King as unifying force in the Kathmandu Valley. 11. Nepalese society during Malla and early Shah periods. 12. Some reflections on the culture of western development sector. 13. Religious traditions and beliefs of the people of Western Nepal. 14. Some aspects of religion and art of Nepal. 15. A short prolegomenon to the archaeology of Bheri Zone Mid Western Nepal. 16. Temple architecture of Kapilvastu. 17. Architective of Kapilvastu. 18. The art of Kapilvastu. 19. The structure of the Mandala paintings of Nepal. 20. Painted scrolls of Nepal. 21. The manuscript paintings of Nepal. 22. The art of Simaraungarh Narayani Zone. 23. Iconography of the Lokesvara images in the Swayambhunath Museum of Nepal. 24. Buddhist monuments of Western Nepal. 25. Development of theatre art in Nepal. Index. This book is the collection of selected papers on the History and Culture of Nepal. This book shows the originality of approach in dealing with various aspects of history and culture through the ages of its existence. It is a work of its own kind and tells the story of ancient and medieval Nepal for which the people of Nepal struggled in fixing the values in the political social cultural religious and other fields. This work is an interpretive attempt of thoughts. It has been written in simple bold and lucid style. The articles in the book are very informative and scholarly and are research based. This book will be highly useful for both general readers and researchers in the field of Ancient History and culture. This book has tried to bring out the importance of the changing elements in the kaleidoscope of ancient Nepalese life. 460 pp.

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